for his path-breaking discovery of the evolution, organization and distribution of the genetic diversity of Pan-European oaks that will act as an outstanding model for the study of all other species. Dr Antoine Kremer has worked for 28 years with the French national research organization INRA (L’Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique) and has been a leader in both national and international research groups. His breakthrough is in the combination of information from a number of different sciences at their current state-of-the-art level (from molecular genetics to evolutionary history of forests) to develop new knowledge about oaks at a continental scale. This knowledge will provide a major platform to facilitate decisions about the conservation and management of forests. It also allows prediction of likely future changes under the impact of climate and other environmental changes. Dr Kremer’s individual researches and synthesis may be applicable to other species throughout the world including industrial indigenous conifers such as those in northern Russia. The techniques will also have relevance to the introduction, management, improvement and use of exotic species elsewhere. The award of the Prize recognizes Dr Kremer as an outstanding scientist and his work as a major contribution to human understanding, resource conservation and industrial development.